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Die Bedeutung von Baumpflanzungen für die biologische Vielfalt

Hello tree lovers, 

If you've followed our journey, you know our heart is for trees, and we hope you share the same affection. Today we want to revisit why planting trees is so important to biodiversity - the kaleidoscope of life on earth. So, let's dive in.

The importance of tree planting for biodiversity should not be underestimated. Forests are the most diverse habitats, home to more than 80% of the world's terrestrial biodiversity, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The tropical forests in particular are incredibly biodiverse, although they only cover 3.6% of the earth's surface. These forests are home to 50% of terrestrial plant and animal species, as well as millions of insect, fungal and bacterial species.

However, deforestation and forest degradation pose significant threats to forest ecosystems. Since the 1960s, more than half of the world's tropical forests have been destroyed and an estimated 3.7 million hectares of European forests have been destroyed by various factors such as livestock, insects, disease, wildfires and human activities damaged. In order to reverse the damage, it is crucial to get involved in restoring and protecting forest areas, which can be achieved through tree planting initiatives. Impact Hero works in the Global South to actively restore degraded forest ecosystems through tree planting.

What does tree planting mean for biodiversity?

Habitat Restoration

Trees provide essential habitats for a wide range of species including birds, mammals, insects and microorganisms. They provide food, shelter, nesting sites and breeding sites, thereby contributing to the overall biodiversity of an ecosystem. Different species of trees attract different types of wildlife, thereby promoting species diversity.

Ecosystem support

Trees are an integral part of various ecosystems such as forests, copses and wetlands. They interact with other organisms and ecosystem components, forming a balanced and interconnected web of life. Trees provide shade, regulate temperature, improve soil fertility, control erosion and help maintain the hydrological cycle, benefiting numerous species within the ecosystem.

Protection of species

Many tree species serve as a habitat for threatened or endangered plant and animal species. By planting and protecting these trees, we can preserve these endangered species and contribute to their conservation efforts. Restoring degraded habitats with appropriate tree species can help recover threatened populations. In addition, we also plant endangered and endemic tree species to prevent their extinction. You can also create a real impact with us by exploring our biodiversity conservation product

Food sources

Trees contribute to the availability of food resources for various organisms. They produce fruits, nuts, and seeds that are important food sources for various species of animals, including birds, mammals, and insects. Tree planting projects can focus on native, fruiting species to support local biodiversity and provide food for wildlife.

Support of pollinators

Trees often provide nectar, pollen and shelter for pollinators such as bees, butterflies and birds. By planting flowering trees and shrubs, we can create corridors and habitats that attract and sustain these important pollinator species. An increased population of pollinators not only benefits the trees themselves, but also improves pollination in the surrounding plant community.

Carbon sequestration

Trees play a crucial role in combating climate change by absorbing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere through photosynthesis. By storing carbon, trees help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and minimize the impact of climate change on biodiversity. Healthy and diverse forests act as carbon sinks and store significant amounts of CO2. The rainforests alone are said to store at least 250 billion tons of carbon.

Genetic diversity

Trees possess genetic diversity within and between species that is critical to the long-term resilience and adaptability of ecosystems. By encouraging tree planting, we can preserve and enhance genetic diversity to ensure that future generations of trees and associated organisms have the necessary genetic resources to adapt to environmental changes.

Supporting the water cycle

Trees play a crucial role in the water cycle through the process of transpiration. They regulate water flow and surface runoff by slowly shedding rainwater, promoting soil infiltration through their extensive root system, and preventing erosion. This conserves and continuously supplies water in bodies of water and protects the habitats of aquatic life. Trees planted in forests not only support life on land but also benefit aquatic ecosystems.

Encourage community towards sustainable habitat conservation

Engaging communities in tree planting initiatives encourages a sense of ownership and education for conservation. By involving communities from seed preparation to planting and tending operations, we encourage them to avoid activities that contribute to forest degradation and instead support sustainable practices that preserve forest biodiversity.

In summary, tree planting is vital for biodiversity. Restoring degraded or deforested land through tree planting restores the ecological function of forests by creating habitats, supporting ecosystems, conserving species, providing food sources, supporting pollinators, contributing to carbon sequestration, and preserving genetic diversity. By understanding and appreciating the importance of trees, we actively participate in efforts to protect and restore biodiversity for a sustainable future.

So let's join forces and make a sustainable contribution, one tree at a time!


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